How to Use Vert Physics in Skateboarding
An object is in a vertical position when it is aligned in an up-down direction.
Vert physics is a commonly used term for Vertical Physics, that aspect of the sciences which has a direct application to skateboarding.
Skateboarders will practice in bowl-like structures called half pipe's or skate bowls( generally speaking )
Vertical jump or an Ollie is best described as the ability to raise one's center of gravity higher in the vertical plane solely with the use of one's own muscles.
In other words, vertical jump is a measure of how high an individual or athlete can elevate off the ground from a standstill.
The vertical jump test ultimately determines how athletic a considered athlete really is.
How to measure vertical
The simplest method to measure an athlete's vertical jump is to get the athlete to reach up against a flat wall, with a flat surface under his feet (such as a gym floor or concrete) and mark off the highest point he can reach flat-footed.(this is referred to as standing reach). Then, instruct the athlete to take several jumps from a standstill, marking off the highest point he can reach. Next, measure the distance between the two. This is the athlete's standing vertical jump.
The method described above is the most common and simplest way to measure one's vertical, but other, more scientifically accurate methods have been devised. A pressure pad can be used to measure the time it takes for an athlete to complete a jump, and then using a kinematics equation (h = g*t^2/8) the computer can calculate his vertical jump based on the time in the air. Using this method, an athlete can cheat by pulling his/her knees up to extend hang time.
A second, more efficient and correct method is to use an infrared laser placed at ground level. When an athlete jumps and breaks the plane of the laser with his hand, the height at which this occurs is measured.
Common misconceptions about vertical jump
The most common misconception about vertical jump is that the measurement displays the athlete's ability to elevate off the ground from a run-up, contrary to from a standstill. The effect of this misconception is that many athletes will quite grossly inflate their vertical jumps. Also many athletes have learned to cheat the existing systems. The vertec can be cheated by not reaching as high on the initial measurement commonly referred to as shrugging your shoulders. Jump pads can be cheated by lifting your knees, or even hanging on to them until the very last moment. Since jump pads rely on hang time, they are easily cheated.
Increasing vertical jump
One of the most frequently asked questions in the athletic world is How can I increase my vertical jump?.
A higher vertical jump has obvious advantages in several different kinds of sports such as basketball .
There are many different ways to increase one's vertical jump, with much controversy on which method is the most effective.
What follows are scientific and physical breakdowns of how to improve the height of one's vertical jump.
A more scientific breakdown of vertical jump is required to comprehend methods to improve performance.
Vertical jump is a measure of how far off the ground one can elevate one's own body using only the power generated by their muscles.
In physics, power can be computed using the following formula :
In relation to sports, power is better described by the equivalent expression:
Therefore, to increase power (and consequently vertical jump), an athlete must train to improve both strength and speed.
Strength can be increased using traditional strength training, with emphasis on the posterior chain (or p-chain) which consists of the hamstrings, calves, lower back and glute muscles. Studies have shown that the majority of force generated during a vertical jump is generated by these muscles, and most importantly the quadriceps which are not part of the p-chain but rather the anterior chain.
Therefore, arguably the two most important max strength lifts for improving vertical jump are the full back squat and the dead lift.
Speed in the vertical jump is a measure of how fast one can exert force. In the vertical jump, there is a very short time period in which force can be generated to use in a vertical jump(0.2s). Hence, it is very important for an athlete to be able to exert the maximum force possible in the shortest amount of time. Speed training reduces the time portion of the power equation, resulting in more overall power.
Speed training consists of two elements:
Plyometric exercises (exercises which allow you to absorb the more energy during the counter movement, or eccentric contraction, of an explosive movement such as jumping or sprinting) and explosive training such as jump squats or power cleans.
An important fact to note is that plyometric and explosive exercises are not necessary until an athlete has built up a fairly strong strength base (commonly set between 1.5 and 2 times an athlete's bodyweight in the full squat and dead lift exercises). The reason for this is that even if the time portion of the power equation is reduced significantly, the overall power will still be a lower number if the force portion of the equation is neglected.
Flexibility of the Achilles Tendon has also been known to increase the vertical jump of an athlete. Caution must be used, though, since tearing of the tendon can occur.